Invitation

 

Dear Colleagues,

Experiences and results achieved globally during past four decades are convincing that Triticale can play an important role in sustainable crop production systems particularly in fragile environments and regions under the influence of Climate change. However, the production potential of triticale as well as grain quality with special reference to industrial uses has to be comparative to wheat if it has to be established as successful and profitable cereal crop therefore the biology breeding and production of triticale as to be accessed in relation to wheat. Triticale is a new man made cereal and a new crop whereas wheat is globally successful crop developed in nature. Turkey is perhaps best geographical area for stress biology research particularly for nutrient use efficiency and tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses owing to great climatic diversity. Triticale can be synthesized by hybridizing wheat (AABB/AABBDD) with rye (Secalecereale, RR). Among the various types of triticale, hexaploid triticale (× Triticosecale) has been the most successful because of its superior vigor and reproductive stability. Both Triticale and wheat can be used as grain for human food and animal feed (mainly for pigs and poultry), as well as forage for livestock in the form of silage, fodder, grazing, and hay. In general, triticale combines the high yield potential of wheat with the biotic and abiotic stress tolerance of rye, making it more suitable for the production in marginal areas (acidic, saline, or soils with heavy metal toxicity).

Triticale improvement is achieved like any other self-pollinated allopolyploid through incorporation of new variability using various wheat, rye, and triticale accessions. Enhancement of genetic variability in Triticale accessions through pre-breeding, accumulation of favorable alleles in improved populations through recombination breeding, multilocation testing for adaptability have been the major strategy for triticale improvement in most programs. Likewise for wheat breeding the major objective is to develop elite genotypes which are high yielding, high grain quality, and resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses in different agroecosystems and input conditions. In triticale, a use of doubled haploids can increase selection efficiency through the expression of recessive alleles in completely homozygous lines. Likewise use of genomics can further accelerate breeding efficiency for target traits through precise characterization of genes controlling traits of interests through reliable screening and selective gene transfer strategies. Expansion of genetic variability in populations through germplasm exchanges, from CIMMYT and other breeding programs plays a pivotal role.

Main Triticale and wheat breeding objectives include lowering the production risks and costs of production, while increasing the economic returns per hectare. Production risks include losses due to various diseases and pests, and environmental factors.

Despite having many advantages over wheat, global triticale production is still very low. Top Triticale producers included Poland, Germany, France. Triticale research is being done in many countries globally including Turkey to explore the possibility of establishing it as a winter crop. Relatively low interest of Farmers’ for triticale is due to factors including production and quality concerns, lack of stable end-use markets, unfavorable pricing compared to wheat, political strategic decisions and competition from other cereals. Among the production factors, susceptibility to diseases, such as ergot, Fusarium head blight (FHB), and leaf spots, pose major threats. Poor end-use quality for human consumption as compared to wheat has been a major hindrance to widespread adoption of the crop. Specifically, the gluten strength of triticale is lower than wheat, which contributes to poor bread-making quality. Other production constraints include late maturity, preharvest sprouting, lower economic returns, lack of crop insurance coverage in some countries, limited research investment, lack of technology transfer, perception about triticale end-uses, lack of good-quality pedigreed seed, limited marketing options for farmers etc.

Keeping these facts in view, EUCARPIA Cereal Section, Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Insitute (IHAR), Radzikow, Poland, International Foundation for Sustainable Development in Africa and Asia (IFSDAA0 , Goettingen, Germany and International Triticale Association, Ghent, Belgium have planned to organize 2nd International Conference on Triticale Biology, Breeding and Production at East Anatolian Agricultural Research Institute, Erzurum, Turkey from July 2 to 5, 2018 collaborating with Turkish Seed Association and General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies. We cordially invite researchers from various disciplines, development functionaries and policy planners from public, private and NGOs sectors to discuss above stated issues to draw a coherent strategy for strengthening Triticale and wheat Research and Development as an integral component of food and feed security. We will be delighted to welcome you and your colleagues at East Anatolian Agricultural Research Institute, Erzurum, Turkey 

 

Prof.Ahmet Bagci
Selcuk Univ.Turkey

Prof.Geert Haesaert
President IFSDAA & ITA

Dr.Andreas Boerner
Cereal Section, Eucarpia       

Prof.Edward Arseniuk
IHAR Radzikow, Group Chair